28 C
Dhaka, Bangladesh
2:26 am | July 10, 2020
The Green Page
Most people in the world have less chance of Daily hand wash - World Bank
Health

Most people in the world have less chance of washing hands

Most people in the world have less chance of washing hands – World Bank

An Environmentalist, Environmental and Financial Topic writer, Engineer, and a social worker and Organizer

Wash your hands (Daily hand wash) with soap and water – this is easy to say, but it has an enormous impact on the individual level and public health. It is one of the most effective and accessible methods of preventing infections like diarrhea and respiratory tract infections like Kovid-1.

it is easy to say “Wash your hands with soap and water” but, it has an enormous impact on the individual level and public health. It is one of the most effective and accessible methods of preventing infections like diarrhea and respiratory tract infections like COVID-1 coronavirus respectively.

According to UNICEF, washing hands with soap can play an effective role in the prevention of diarrhea in 40% cases. The World Health Organization (WHO) is advising people worldwide, to wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water as highly effective measures to prevent the transmission of Coronavirus and other viruses- in the world.

According to UNICEF, washing hands with soap can play an effective role in the prevention of diarrhea in 40% cases. The World Health Organization (WHO) is advising people worldwide, to wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water as highly effective measures to prevent the transmission of Coronavirus and other viruses- in the world.



Hand washing is the most effective hygiene which agreed to monitor under goal no 6 (SDG 6 -Clean Water and Sanitation of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal- (SDG).and calculate the number of people in the world, especially the poor and low-income countries, who are practising and exercising this basic right. Doing and monitoring. In this case, it was given below what kind of challenge the global hygiene handler was facing.

The World Health Organization and UNICEF (WHO / UNICEF) declare that Daily hand washes with soap and water at home is a basic right for every human being And It is calculating and monitoring how many people in the world, especially the poor and low middle-income countries, are exercising this basic right and getting the opportunity to do so. The following is a summary of the challenges faced by the handwashing in case of hygiene worldwide.

Coronavirus – Where can the Bangladeshi general peoples to get handwash soap?

Hand washing is the most effective hygiene which agreed to monitor under Goal No.6 (SDG 6 -Clean Water and Sanitation) of the UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG). The World Health Organization ((WHO) defined that washing hands with soap and water is a basic right for every human being.

The WHO and UNICEF are jointly calculating and monitoring under the Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) that how many peoples in the world, especially in the poor and low & middle-income countries, are exercising this basic right and getting the opportunity to do so. The summary of the challenges faced by the world peoples in hygienic handwashing are shown below:

In the above, is the hygiene-approved hand wash rate shown on the World Map, Countries whose hygiene does not agree with hand wash rates are higher than The colour density of those countries has been shown to be higher. It is visible that this rate is highest among the countries near the Sahara Desert That means; about 100% of the populations of some countries are not getting the opportunity to wash their hands or wash their hands.

The Worldwide hygienic hand washing accesses rate are shown in bellows on the World Map, Countries whose hygienic hand washing access rate are low are shown in a higher density of colour. It is visible that this rate is highest among the countries surrounding the Sahara Desert. That means; nearly 100% of the populations of some countries are not getting the opportunity to access hygienic hand washing.

And among the Asian countries, only 34.8% of Bangladesh’s population and 37.7% of Afghanistan’s population are getting or washing hands as hygiene concern. Although, these two countries are the main Muslim countries and the practice of religion that means to perform the prayers five times a day, but there is a rule for hygiene to be consecrated in order to be holy.

I it is seen in the above map that only 34.8% of Bangladeshis and 37.7% of Afghanistan’s population are washing hands as hygiene concerns. Although, these two countries are the Muslim countries and as per Islamic rule every Muslim has to perform the Salat in five times daily and before perform the Salat should hygiene to be consecrated in order to be holy.

The facilities for washing hand in different countries

Figures from the Cluster Surveys and Demographic and Health Survey of the Year 2017 shows that there are opportunities for hand washing by soap and water at homes or living rooms of 77 countries around the world. About half of the population of 42 countries has no system for washing hands with soap and water in their homes. Bangladesh and Afghanistan are among the countries in Africa and South Asia. Bangladesh and Afghanistan are of among the countries in Africa and South Asia.

The hygienic hand washing access facilities in different countries

From the Cluster Surveys and Demographic and Health Survey conducted in the year 2017 shows that only 77 countries around the world having the hygienic hand washing access facilities at home or residences. About half of the population of 42 countries have no hygienic hand washing facilities in their home or residences. Bangladesh and Afghanistan are the inclusion of that 42 countries from Asia among with the countries of Africa and South Asia. Bangladesh and Afghanistan are of among the countries of Africa.

In all of these countries, only 5% of the population of sub-Saharan countries such as Libya, Lesotho, Congo and Rwanda agree on maintaining hygiene rules. Out of sub-Saharan countries such as Haiti, Venuto, Bolivia, Timor, only 30% of the population in Africa has access to health care in their home. Only 34.2% of Bangladesh.

Only 5% of the population of sub-Saharan countries such as Libya, Lesotho, Congo and Rwanda are exercising the rule of hygienic hand washing rules. Out of sub-Saharan countries in Africa such as Haiti, Vanuatu, Bolivia, and Timor-Leste, only 30% of the population access hygienic hand washing in their home. Only 34.2% of the population in Bangladesh are exercising the hygienic hand washing practice at home.

In countries where hygiene consensually does not observe handwashing – It’s not just because they can’t get water and soap to wash their hands- In fact, they are not practising it. UNICEF has found that many low-income countries have not been washed cleanly even though they have water and soap to wash their hands this actually requires a change inhabits.

In the countries where hygienic hand washing rate is low does not mean that they have not enough hygienic hand washing facilities i.e. they haven’t shop and water in their home – In fact, they are not practising it. UNICEF has found that many developing countries peoples do not wash their hands with soaps even though they have water and soap to wash their hands at the handwashing points. Actually, it requires a change inhabits.

In many countries where less than 50% of the world’s population does not have soap as hand washing facilities, the facilities of washing hands with soap from 42 countries are presented in the bar chart in below, Where it shows that for only 34.2% of the population of Bangladesh with soap and water Handwashing facilities exist. Where it shows that only 34.2% of the population of Bangladesh have handwashing facilities with soap and water.

The 42 countries where less than 50% of the population does not have soap and water for hygienic handwashing facilities are presented in the bar chart in below, where it shows that for only 34.2% of the population of Bangladesh having soap and water for hygienic hand washing in their homes or residences.

Daily hand wash
The hygienic hand washing access facilities in different countries

The actual times of hand washing

Usually, it is necessary to wash hands before and after eating, besides that after sneezing, coughing, and smacking, hand washing is important for the relief of bacteria and viruses.

Daily hand wash is essential after using the Toilet. Because, human feces/ stools are the main source of bacteria and viruses like various organisms alike Salmonellae, Norovirus. Noted that salmonellae are one kind of bacteria and It causes inflammation of the esophagus.

Norovirus is an infectious virus which is responsible for human vomiting and diarrhea. Nonetheless, the financial condition of many in the world is such that still, they do not have the ability to wash their hands in health.

Usually, it is necessary to wash hands before and after eating, besides that after sneezing, coughing, and smacking, hand washing is important for the relief of bacteria and viruses.

Daily hand wash is essential after using the Toilet. Because, human feces/stools are the main source of bacteria and viruses like various organisms alike Salmonella, Norovirus, and e-Colli. Noted that Salmonella is one kind of bacteria that causes infection in the intestinal tract.

Norovirus is an infectious virus that is responsible for human vomiting and diarrhea. Nonetheless, the financial condition of many in the world is such that still, they do not have the ability to wash their hands in health. E-coli bacteria causes cause diarrhea.

More than half of the population of 7 countries in the world as Rwanda, Azerbaijan, Senegal, Bolivia, Timor, South Africa and Nepal has minimum access to sewerage facilities or toilets. But less than half of their households have Daily hand wash facilities with soap and water.

For example, in the case of Rwanda, 67% of residents have minimal sewerage facilities or toilet in their home, but the washing rate with soap and water is only 5% there

More than half of the population of 7 countries in the world as Rwanda, Azerbaijan, Senegal, Bolivia, Timor, South Africa, and Nepal have minimum access to sewerage facilities or toilets at home. But less than half of households have Daily hand wash facilities with soap and water.

For example, in the case of Rwanda, 67% of residents have minimal sewerage facilities or toilets in their homes, but the washing rate with soap and water is only 5% in there.

In countries where less than 50% of the world’s population does not have access to sewerage system or toilets, but Hand washing facilities are available in 42 countries with soap which are a comparable rate of Daily hand wash is presented in a bar chart, which showed that there are adequate facilities or toilets in the residence of 48.2% of the population of Bangladesh. On the contrary, hand washing facilities with soap and water are available for 34.2% of the population.

The 42 countries where some households lack of hygienic hand washing facilities even while they have basic sanitation service or toilet at home is presented in bar chart given below, where it is shown that there are adequate facilities or toilets in the residence of 48.2% of the population of Bangladesh. On the contrary, hand washing facilities with soap and water are available for 34.2% of the population.

The actual times of Daily hand wash
The actual times of hand washing

Which community in the world is the minimum beneficiary of hand wash?

People living in villages have less access to wash hand than city dwellers. For example, in Colombia,. Handwashing facilities of the city dwellers are doubled than the villagers (73% in the city and 35% in the village). In Bangladesh, the situation is the same and which seems that respectively 51.4% and 25.7%.

Likewise, the facilities of Daily hand wash for rich people far more than the poor and in some cases more incredible situation. For example, In Pakistan 94% of rich people get facilities of hand wash with soap and water, whereas Only 17% of the poor. In Bangladesh, the situation is more critical, that means, 64.7% of rich people and 5.1% of poor people respectively. ??

Worldwide which communities having the minimum access to handwashing facilities?

People living in villages have less access to wash hands than city dwellers. For example, in Colombia, Handwashing facilities of the city dwellers are doubled than the villagers (73% in the city and 35% in the village). In Bangladesh, the situation is the same and which are that respectively 51.4% and 25.7%.

Likewise, the facilities of washing hands for rich people far more than the poor and in some cases more incredible situation. For example, In Pakistan 94% of rich people get facilities of hand wash with soap and water, whereas only 17% of the poor. In Bangladesh, the situation is more critical, that means, 64.7% of rich people and 5.1% of poor people’s having the handwashing facilities with soap and water.

Coronavirus – Where can the Bangladeshi general peoples to get handwash soap?

The poor people of Afghanistan, Chade, the Sauvassini and the Gambia do not have these facilities at all. In our country, in some places/communities the situation is the same.??

The poor peoples of Afghanistan, Chad, Eswatini, and Gambia do not have these facilities at all. In our country, in some places/communities lie in the same situation.

In the below, countries, where less than 50% of the population has no access to wash hand with soap, The bar chart, is represented to the handwashing facilities of the people of the cities and villages of 42 such countries:

In the below, countries, where less than 50% of the population has no access to Daily hand wash with soap, the bar chart, is represented to the handwashing facilities of the peoples live in the cities and those living in the villages of 42 such countries:

Worldwide which communities having the minimum access to Daily hand wash facilities?
Worldwide which communities having the minimum access to handwashing facilities?

Below the chart showing the facilities of hand wash for rich and poor people in 42 countries where less than 50% of the world’s population does not have washing facilities with soap:



Worldwide which communities having the minimum access to Daily hand wash facilities?
Worldwide which communities having the minimum access to handwashing facilities?

Problems with collecting and monitoring survey data

The monitoring and statistics of the practise/habit of washing hands with soap is extremely challenging. Even if you have sufficient facilities of soap and water in place of hand wash, there is no assurance that all households or family members will wash their hands when they need to wash their hands, But the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF are monitoring and surveying all over the world, They are like whether a person is washing his hands using soap and water. In response to this, the soap and water system are provided in place of hand wash at the time of handwashing; – Monitoring data is more reliable and accurate.

The monitoring and collecting the statistical data on human practices/habits of washing hands with soap is extremely challenging. Even if it has sufficient facilities of soap and water at places of hand washing, there is no guaranty that all households wash their hands when they need to wash their hands.

But the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF whose are monitoring and surveying the hygienic hand washing all over the world, opinion is the collecting data are more reliable and accurate to monitor and observe whether a person is washing his/her hands using soap and water keeping the facilities at the handwashing places than asking someone whether he/she being used soap at the time of handwashing;

Original: Haruna Kashiwase

Related posts

Green Page | Only One Environment News Portal in Bangladesh
Bangladeshi News, International News, Environmental News, Bangla News, Latest News, Special News, Sports News, All Bangladesh Local News and Every Situation of the world are available in this Bangla News Website.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More