Scientists are optimistic about six reasons that happened in 2019 of reducing climate change impacts, we can have expectations too
– Rahman Mahfuz and Sadia Noor Portia
To protect the emission of ozone layer depleting Gases ( ODS) including CFCs – the Montreal Protocol was signed 0n 16 September 1987, to reduce the emission of Green House Gases (GHG) including Carbon di Oxide (CO2) – the Kyoto Protocol was signed on December 1997, to keep the increase of global average temperature to well below 20C above the pre-industrial levels i.e the temperature levels before 1750, and to pursue to limit it below 1.50C increase – the Paris agreement was signed on 22 April 2016, movements and struggles of environmentalists for decades and protest of millions of schoolchildren around the world at the called of Greta Thunberg – nothing could diminish the impact of climate change.
The climate breakdown is going on and increasing day by day. Bushfires in Amazon, America, Indonesia, and Australia, melting glaciers in Antarctica and Greenland, CO₂ emission got a record, and the weather warmed enough to push the human body to its thermal limit, all of the environmental problems have come into the discussion for the past one year. Even the UN climate summit held in Madrid in November 2019 was depressing to a great extent.
However, climate analysts did not lose hope. The following are some of the positive aspects of reducing the impact of climate change.
01. Costa Rica provides us with a hope of a durable climate future – Heather Alberro, associate lecturer in political ecology, Nottingham Trent University
Despite the recent COP25 in Madrid and decades of climate talks, emissions of greenhouse gases have just kept on rising. In reality, a recent UN report said that the current climate change reduction effort should be increased five times more for global warming to meet the 1.5℃ limit by 2030. The huge number of extreme changes required in transportation, housing, agriculture, and vitality systems to reduce climate change and ecological breakdown, it tends to lose hope easily.
However, Costa Rica proposes us assured instances of “prospects”. This Central American country has implemented a robust and ambitious plan to decarbonize its economy by 2050. Last year Costa Rica was able to obtain 98% of its electricity from renewable sources, with a growing economy of 3%. It illustrates that it is possible to confront the challenges with adequate political will.
02. Economic investors are reducing the use of fossil fuels – Richard Hodgkins, senior lecturer in physical geography, Loughborough University
350.org movement used to show logic to reinvest for fossil fuel. However, now they have joined with institutional financial specialists Climate Action 100+. It has managed a fund of 35 trillion US dollars in order to reduce climate breakdown risks and maximize renewable fuel development.
World-famous American business and financial service company Moody’s credit-rating agency pointed out ExxonMobil for income shortage regardless of increased consumption, saying: “The imposition of additional taxes on oil and gas by many countries to control the effects of climate change is responsible for the emerging negative reflection on oil and gas companies’ profit.”
Major investment bank Goldman Sachs has proclaimed that it will refuse any funding exchange that promotes Arctic oil exploration or improvement. This will result in more adverse financial conditions for fossil fuel companies (diesel, petrol, octane, coal and natural gas) to develop the businesses in border areas like the North Pole.
03. We are showing signs of improvement at predicting catastrophe – Hannah Cloke, professor of hydrology, University of Reading
Two tremendous tropical cyclones hit Africa’s south-east shore in March and April 2019, 600 people died, and 2 million people became desperate for urgent treatment.
There is nothing positive or new about cyclones. However, this time by connecting together exact medium-range predictions of the cyclone with the best simulations of flood hazard, the researchers were able to provide the first prior warning of the looming flood calamity. That means even before Cyclone Kenneth hit the Indian Ocean, and the UK government started working with funding companies of the following flood-affected area to provide emergency supplies.
The risk of uncertain floods is expanding due to climate change. We have to face the effect of global warming even if we have a determined activity to decrease greenhouse gases. We have to confront whatever happens in the world by utilizing the best accessible science.
04. Regional experts over the world are announcing a ‘climate crisis’ – Marc Hudson, a researcher in sustainable consumption, University of Manchester
In 2019, 1200, local officials around the globe proclaimed a “climate crisis.” I believe there are two threats: first, it welcomes dictatorial reactions (Quit breeding! Quit ruining our arrangements for geoengineering!). Furthermore, second, a “crisis” announcement may be a show-off of environmental protection work which has business interests at its core.
The City Council is showing off its environmental protection work in Manchester, the city where I live and research. A desperate announcement in July increased more opportunities for its staff to travel by air (to places only a couple of hours away via train) and caused further car parking and road access. The target of the “bring the zero-carbon date forward?” report has been disregarded.
However, these public announcements may stop public activism, as campaigners have understood that it’s easy to retain city councils than national governments. I’m part of an activist association called “Climate Emergency Manchester” – we inform residents about climate change and appeal to the hall councilors for reducing the impact of climate change. We’ve evaluated progress up until this point, because of the Freedom of Information Act demands, and created a “what should be done?” report. If the committee declines further behind on its promises, we will enhance our activities, attempting to compel it to make the best choice.
05. Revolutionary climate policy has become trendy – Dénes Csala, lecturer in energy system dynamics, Lancaster University
With a climate and vitality viewpoint, I matched the Conservative party and Labor party’s election manifestos before the 2019 UK general election. Although the party with the plainly feeble arrangement won in the long run, I am yet determined enough to be confident concerning the future of political activity on environmental change.
For the first time to keep away from cataclysmic environmental change, climate activity, transportation electrification, and full vitality system decarburization had become the target of a chief party’s proclamation in a significant economy on a timescale comprehensive with Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) mandate. This implies the argument has gone to the most elevated levels since the 2015 Paris Agreement has become substantive policy.
06. The movement has already been started by youngsters! – Mark Maslin, professor of earth system science, UCL.
In 2019, civic consciousness about environmental change, school strikes, extinction rebellion, IPCC reports, media coverage, BBC documentary, and many governments including the UK’s announcement of atmosphere crisis influenced the election manifesto to take action to reduce the impact of climate that has lit up our hope. Two surveys recommend that 75% of Americans acknowledge humans as the cause of environmental change.
The authorization of the first globalized generation has worked as a catalyst to make this urgent. Youngsters can get information at the snap of a catch. They believe environmental change science is genuine and see through the deniers’ lies. This generation doesn’t follow traditional media even they avoid it.
The awareness and concern regarding the environmental change will keep on developing. The UK will chair the UN environmental change negotiations in Glasgow next year, so the expectation is rising.
Source: BBC (Original source; Science Alert)