The impacts of climate change and record ocean temperatures are reaching extremes.
Climate experts believe that the world is gradually moving away from the goal of limiting the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius. They said there have been records in land and sea temperatures for several months.
But the countries are failing to take proper measures in this regard. The United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP-28) will be held in Dubai next November.
Representatives of various countries and organizations gathered in Bonn in Germany, at the beginning of June to prepare for this.
According to the European Union-funded Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), surface air temperatures have been 1.5 degrees Celsius higher than pre-industrial levels for some time.
Although temperatures have previously exceeded 1.5°C, this has not been the case in the Northern Hemisphere. Summer started in Northern Hemisphere last June 1. Earlier in April and May, sea temperatures broke previous records. Climatologists say El Niño is returning. It is essentially a drought situation.
China and the United States are the world’s top two greenhouse gas emitters. Beijing, the capital of China, broke all previous temperature records this June. On the other hand, a severe fire has hit the United States.
In 2015, at the Paris Climate Conference, an agreement was signed to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
But scientists have warned, “Global warming cannot contain within these limits if current trends continue.” The United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said in a May forecast that between now and 2027, temperatures could exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels for at least 365 days or a full year.
Climatologists say extreme weather events are increasing in scale and scope. Drought has been observed across the world this year. On the other hand, a rare strong cyclone hit Africa.
The Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), an international organization that works on the environment, has warned that there are “deficiencies” in the discussions held in forest cities ahead of COP-28. According to the agency, little progress has been made on key issues such as fossil fuels and financing.