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12:36 am | June 13, 2024
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the lungs of the world are under serious threat
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The lungs of the world are under serious threat

The lungs of the world are under serious threat

The birds we hear every morning or the butterflies we see when we go to the garden, will our future generations see them?

And in six to seven decades we may not be on earth, but many familiar birds or animals will disappear with us in this century.

Global warming, and various climate crises; including desertification, overuse of natural resources and pollution are increasing the damage to our earth’s ecosystems.

Scientists fear that the world we see now will change by 2050. Along with food supply and safe water crisis, various species will become extinct. By 2050, the world’s population will increase due to increased pressure on nature.

According to recent studies, about 1 million plant and animal species are at risk of extinction by 2050. Due to the climate crisis, the intensity of wildfires, floods, and extreme weather is increasing.

Biologist Sandra Myrna Diaz said, ‘Nature is shrinking as the population increases. If action is not taken now, there will be news of many types of extinction by the middle of this century.

New diseases will often appear with the spread of crop-eating animals. Plastic pollution will destroy marine fish habitats and many forests will be lost.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List, more than one-fourth of all plant and animal species are at risk of extinction.

Alexandre Antonelli, UK’s Royal Botanic Gardens director, expressed sadness about the destruction of Brazil’s natural ecosystems. He said,

“From the Amazon and Atlantic rainforests to the Cerrado region, shrubs are declining. Countless insects, fungi, microorganism habitats, and orchids are disappearing.”

“The Biodiversity of nature is being lost due to human cruelty. Our time is running out fast. To deal with the possible damage, nature restoration work must be done around the world. He believes we should reduce meat consumption and use less fossil fuels by any means.

Biologist Sandra Myrna Diaz from Argentina stated that one of the main causes for the decrease in biodiversity over the past 50 years is the different ways in which the earth’s surface is utilized. “If this trend continues, soil quality will worsen because of salinity and pollution,” he added.

 He further said, “Over the past 10,000 years, we have destroyed nearly one-third of the world’s forests for crop cultivation.” As a result, large ecosystems such as tropical rainforests are facing destruction. The highest level of biodiversity is found in this ecosystem.

Emma Archer, a geography and environmental science professor at the University of Pretoria in South Africa, stated that the landscape of various African regions, including South Africa, is changing. The environment is being damaged due to mining along with changes in the agricultural system.

In this regard, Christian Julia, a member of the indigenous Pankaru group of the Amazon, warned, “If we do not take the necessary steps to conserve biodiversity, the Amazon will also become a desert.”

The Amazon will be the world’s largest desert – imagine how terrible it will be? This is happening because of the global economic system. Work must be started to change the current trend now.’

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