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 2023 could be the hottest year ever
Aivee Akther Environmental Problems Environmental Science International Environment

 2023 could be the hottest year ever

 2023 could be the hottest year ever


The UK Meteorological Office has predicted that the world’s temperature could set a new record in 2023. It predicts that in 2023, the earth’s temperature will increase by more than 1 degree Celsius.

By analyzing scientific data, it has been said that global warming is increasing due to human activities. In 2023, the average temperature may increase from 1.08 to 1.32 degrees Celsius.

Suppose the UK Meteorological Office forecasts are correct. In that case, the average global temperature in 2023 will be at least 1°C higher than pre-industrial temperatures measured from 1850-1900 for the tenth year.

2016 was the warmest year since the first global temperature record in 1850. In 2022, the El Niño effect was seen in the Pacific Ocean. Researchers believe that this is responsible for global warming.

El Nino is a change in ocean circulation in the tropics. When pressure changes in the Australian atmosphere at Darwin and Tahiti, and when unusually warm or cold ocean conditions prevail off the west coast of Peru and Ecuador, El Niño is a warm phase.

At the same time, La Niña is in the cool phase. This periodic change has no fixed time but occurs every three to eight years.

Floods, droughts, and other natural disasters increase under the influence of El Nino. Developing countries that depend on agriculture and fishing are particularly vulnerable to the effects of El Niño.

The UK Meteorological Office says the effects of ‘La Nina’ naturally disappear after three years. As a result, the winter level decreases, and the earth’s temperature increases.

As a result, people and the climate will affect. La Niña results in a cooler-than-normal ocean current flowing south to north along the eastern Pacific coast.

Dr. Nick Dunstone led the global temperature forecast of 2023 of the Meteorological Office. He said, “The past three years have had the effect of a prolonged La Niña on global temperatures—cooler than average sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific,

” he said. La Nina has a temporary cooling effect on the global average temperature. Our climate model for next year indicates the end of three consecutive years of La Nina effects.

Relatively warm conditions will return to parts of the tropical Pacific. These changes will likely cause global temperatures to be warmer in 2023 than in 2022.”

For this reason, Professor Adam Scaife, head of forecasting at the UK Meteorological Office, said, ‘Without El Nino, 2023 may not be a record-breaking year.’

Meanwhile, the governments of various countries around the world have expressed their commitment to keeping the average global temperature rise below 1.5 degrees Celsius. World leaders reiterated that commitment at the recent COP-26 summit in Glasgow.

The British Meteorological Office predicts that global temperatures will rise by 1.08 to 1.32 degrees Celsius over the second half of the 19th century.

Whereas last year the Met Office predicted that global temperatures in 2022 would rise by 1.97 degrees Celsius to 1.21 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. However, data for October of that year show that temperatures are about 1.16 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

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