China could extend the ozone layer’s depletion!
By Adnan Tazvir
Researchers worried that China’s CFCs gas emissions could extend the ozone layer depletion.
China is on the fence again. It has been criticized for being a source of the pandemic “COVID 19”. This time new allegations were added to it.
The ozone layer of the Earth’s Atmosphere is in danger of depletion again. Behind it are chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs. It is seen that illegal production of CFCs is going on in full swing in East China by showing the thumbs up to the international sanctions.
It is mention here that CFCs are very low boiling solvents known as Freon’s gas used in refrigeration and air conditioning for cooling. In 1995, one German and two American Scientists was awarded the Nobel Prize in Atmospheric Chemistry for the latest theory of depletion of the Ozone layer by CFCs. The Chemical reaction of
CFCl3 + hν →
CFCl2 + Cl.
Cl. + O3 (Ozone) →
ClO. + O2
ClO. + O
→ Cl . + O2.
It is a cyclic reaction, and in a cycle of reactions, each ClO. radical can remove 100,000 Ozone (O3) molecules. So, to reduce the ozone-depleting substances (ODS) like CFCs is being regulated through the Montreal Protocol, 1987 and the London Conference 1990.
Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States and the University of Bristol in England have conducted a joint study on the ozone layer. A research paper on this has recently been published in the world-famous ‘Nature’ magazine.
The study was based on information provided by two air monitoring stations in Japan and South Korea. The study showed how CFCs emissions were reduced when China temporarily halted its illegal production.
As a result, much of the damage to the ozone layer has been repaired. Ronald Preen, one of the researchers, warned that if CFCs emissions increase, or if they do, they could pose a significant threat in the coming days.
The ozone layer is like a roof over the earth. If a crack is caught at this level, dangerous ultraviolet rays can reach the earth’s surface through it.
These rays are incredibly harmful to the earth’s Fauna and Flora. The effects of this ray can lead to cancer of the human skin. Chlorofluorocarbons are one of the elements that cause deplete the ozone layer.
Researchers hope that this harmful act can be avoided by taking precautionary measures. The United Nations will monitor China’s production of CFCs. If all goes well, the damage to the ozone layer is expected to be repaired.