In Bangladesh, 20 percent of all people die every year due to environmental pollution. But on average, only 16 percent of such deaths worldwide. There are several categories of environmental pollution. Such as air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution, food pollution etc. All of this is somehow damaging people. Among them is soil pollution.
Generally, plastic products cause soil contamination by mixing with soil. Also, cause of plastics and glass are dumped here and there, direct drainage of industrial waste, excessive deforestation, soil contamination, weed pesticides, pest destructive pesticides, fertilizer application, brick kiln ash, dirt rubble, Soils are polluted. And every year due to this pollution several thousand people become infected by the diseases. And this affects children which cause child infections.
What types of diseases can you be affected by soil pollution –
- Skin and stomach infections:
If the soil enters the nail space, it can enter the human body. If the soil contained in leafy vegetables is not well washed, it can enter the human body. As a result, serious infections can be transmitted to the stomach. Before cutting the vegetable for cooking, it should be thoroughly washed in clear water. Moreover, contaminated soil can cause nausea, fatigue, and headaches. Contaminated soil can cause rashes, itching, wounds, skin diseases, etc. on the skin.
Most pesticides and chemical fertilizers contain Benzene, Chromium and other chemicals that cause cancer. Even pesticides contain all those toxic chemicals. All these toxic pesticides and chemical fertilizers cause soil contamination. The crops absorb all these toxins. Consuming all those toxic grains disrupts the production of red blood cells, white blood cells & antibodies. As a result, the body’s immune system is reduced.
- Kidney and Liver Disease:
When substances like mercury and cyclones are in the soil, they enter the animal body through the food grain produced on that soil. These toxins can cause irreparable damage to the kidneys and liver of animals. People who live near the pile of rubbish or near the factory are likely to have liver and kidney disease.
Soil pollution is closely linked to water pollution. Mosquitoes are born in wet soil containing garbage. Mosquitoes cause malaria infection.
- Cholera and Dysentery:
Groundwater is contaminated by polluted soil. The source of drinking water is contaminated. Thus, the outbreaks of waterborne diseases like cholera and Dysentery increase
These diseases can lead to premature death. ‘Today’s generation is the future of the next day’ – Therefore, if possible, effective measures must be taken to stop soil contamination completely or to reduce it significantly.